According to this article, Russia was ordered to compensate 45 Americans – consisting of singles and couples – after Russia halted their adoptions of Russian children. Shortly after the United States enacted the Magnitsky Act, Russia retaliated by banning U.S. families from adopting Russian children. Forty-five Americans were in the process of adopting when the ban was enacted. They brought their claims to the European Court of Human Rights which yesterday ordered Russia to financially compensate the families. Russia has stated it will appeal.